Tyres play a very important role in the safety of a goods truck, as they are the contact between the truck and the ground. They also carry the entire load, absorb road irregularities, transmit traction and braking force and, above all, steer the vehicle, turning when the steering wheel does.
Correct maintenance is of great importance, as tyres are responsible for optimising journeys and ensuring that they run smoothly.
Efficient driving helps a heavy vehicle to drive twice as many kilometres on the same tyres. In addition, the tyre inflation pressure must be taken into account, as the amount of air inside the tyre is related to the load a vehicle has to carry.
Tyre balancing consists of correcting the load distribution within the tyre and is therefore also powerful to keep an eye on. It prevents some tyres from wearing more than others and the appearance of vibrations that can subsequently affect the truck’s steering, transmission or suspension.
One way to see that a tyre has reached the end of its life is by the depth of the tyre tread. The recommendation for this is that the difference in tread depth between tyres on the same axle should not exceed 5 mm, but of course if deformations, cracks or tears appear the tyre should be replaced. Preventing this helps to ensure that the truck does not lose traction and grip.
Last but not least, they need to be kept clean. It is advisable to clean the tyres thoroughly of the dirt that sticks to them over the kilometres.